Tripoli Libya History
Members of the Libyan National Army (LNA), commanded by Khalifa Haftar, are preparing to head for Benghazi to reinforce the advancing troops. In May, former General Khalifa Heftars organized a group of anti-Islamist nationalists, whom he called the "Libyan National Army," and waged a campaign that he says has plunged Libya into chaos.
This area of Libya is the westernmost, and Tripoli is the provincial capital. Tripoli was ruled by the Egyptians until the Ottoman Turks took it and most of Libya in the 14th century. This gave control to the Knights of St John, who ruled Libya until it fell under Turkish rule again in 1551. In the 16th century, much of Libya, with the exception of Tripoli, fell to the Spanish and then to the Italians.
In 1949, the United Nations decided that Libya should become independent, which it did, and it became competent over Libya. The United States has restored diplomatic relations with Libya and revoked its status as a state sponsor of terrorism under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Although Libya continued to be listed as a state sponsor of terrorism until mid-2006, it lifted most of the sanctions and resumed diplomatic relations with Libya in 2009, and lifted them in 2010.
Libya turned into a failed state after the overthrow of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, aided by a NATO-led bombing campaign. Civil war ensued, and the US and its NATO allies intervened in Libya to crush Qaddafi's forces and overthrow the regime. Fighting broke out between the "Coalition of Dignity," which controlled parts of Cyrenaica, Benghazi, and eastern Libya, and the "Libyan Dawn" coalition, which controlled Tripoli and much of western Libya. The Venezuelan embassy in Tripoli was looted and looted by rebels, while others, including the British embassy, were damaged.
To make matters worse, two rival governments emerged: Yemen was divided into two separate governments, one internationally recognized and one not, while Libya was divided between them. Libya seemed essentially unimportant to the US, because it was a relatively small country with a population of about 1.5 million.
Libya's capital, Tripoli, is an oasis on the coast of Tripoli, and its inhabitants rely on aquifers to meet their water needs. Known as Tripoli West, it stands out from its twin city of the same name in Lebanon, has a long and interesting history and plays an important role in Libya's economy.
Nestled between the Sahara and the Mediterranean, Tripoli is one of the largest cities in the world with a population of more than 1.5 million people. It is the second largest city in Libya after the capital Tripoli and the seat of the Libyan National Congress (LNC).
Libya has been known as Libya for several millennia, and Tripoli is located in the east of the country, between the Sahara and the Mediterranean. Normans from Sicily occupied Tripoli and the surrounding regions in 1145, but were soon driven out by the Almohads of Morocco. The Hafsids of Tunisia ruled western Libya until the 13th century, and Italy conquered Tripoli during the Turko-Italian War of 1911-12. In the Treaty of Ouchy, which ended the war, Turkey granted autonomy to Tripoli (N) in Libya and, at the end of the war, to Turkey.
Gaddafi was particularly involved in state-sponsored terrorism, which put Libya in direct confrontation with the US and its interests. This suspicion led the United States and Britain to break off diplomatic relations with Libya, impose severe economic sanctions, and bomb the cities of Tripoli and Benghazi. Turkey supported the civil war that toppled Qaddafi, and US planes bombed ports in Tripoli, Benghazi, and beyond, claiming that Libya was carrying out terrorist acts against the US on behalf of the Qaddafi regime.
After the US designated Libya a state sponsor of terrorism in 1979, Libya was kept under trade and travel restrictions following an international military incident in 1981.
The first US engagement in Tripoli came in the early nineteenth century, when President Thomas Jefferson sent the US Navy to the Mediterranean to protect American merchant ships. The war reached Libya in the autumn of 1940, when Italy attacked the British - and influenced Egypt on the basis of Libya. American naval forces and helped restore Libya as Italy's true fourth shore. It has a long history of political, military and economic relations with Italy and other countries.
In 1996, the United States accused Libya of building a chemical weapons facility southeast of Tripoli and said it would prevent it from operating. Many of the already dilapidated sites have been bombed by NATO forces, but, given the scale and scale of protests in Libya in 2011, the US seized the moment and called for an international coalition to effectively drive Qaddafi out. Ventimila is not the only Italian settlement in Libya, there are also many other settlements in the main cities, especially Tripoli and Benghazi, which have long been close to the US military base in Tripoli.